The loquat is also sometimes called a Japanese plum. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. It is a particularly important symbol in Chinese culture. Pygeum, a herbal remedy containing extracts from the bark of Prunus africana, is used as to alleviate some of the discomfort caused by inflammation in patients suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia. Because of their considerable value as both food and ornamental plants, many Prunus species have been introduced to parts of the world to which they are not native, some becoming naturalised. [dubious – discuss], "Maddenia" redirects here. The Chinese plum is also used for liquors, sauces, juices, and for medicinal purposes. Among the more interesting uses for blackthorn is in liqueurs and sloe gin recipes: While the name and look of this shrub might suggest that the cherry laurel is related to the bay laurel (Laurus nobilis), it actually comes from entirely different plant families. 'Hall's Hardy' (lives up to the name and can be planted as far north as USDA hardiness zone 5), 'Crimson Rocket' (upright yellow freestone). In the United States, this plant is normally grown for ornamental purposes, as it produces beautiful pink flowers in late winter and early spring. , Similar to cherries, strawberries, and raspberries, almonds are also rich in phenolics. Plum is a foodplant for a large number of butterflies and moths, and its flowers attract many pollinating insects. One standard modern treatment of the subgenera derives from the work of Alfred Rehder in 1940. This species is often grafted onto the sweet cherry (Prunus avium). In Britain, it is also used to make sloe gin (not a type of true gin). Apricots are sweet little orange gems that do well in dry climates. These members of the Rosaceae family include many familiar grocery store staples: almonds, apricots, cherries, nectarines, peaches, and plums. The fleshy mesocarp surrounding the endocarp (pit or stone) is edible.  The antioxidants present in cherry extracts act as inhibitors of the free radicals. 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. An almond is not a true nut but instead is a fruit stone, similar to that produced by other Prunus species. The ITIS recognises just the single genus Prunus, with an open list of species,[a] all of which are given at List of Prunus species.[b]. Credit: Keith Burdett / Alamy Stock Photo. 1982873. Species of the Prunus genus can offer interesting foliage, beautiful flowers, and edible fruit in the home garden. Other species appear, as well, which for whatever reasons are not yet in ITIS. The plum is a petite tree which is perfect for pollinators and a perfect addition to any orchard. Do not plant these if you have cattle or sheep, as it is especially harmful to them and other ruminants. Ground almonds can also be used to make almond butter, which is a spread similar to peanut butter. 294344) and in Scotland (No. High levels of ROS lead to oxidative stress, which causes damage to lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. There are basically two main types: European plum and Japanese plum. The word is not native Latin, but is a loan from Greek προῦνον (prounon), which is a variant of προῦμνον (proumnon), origin unknown. There are small teeth around the margins of the leaves and it is smooth on top. Download our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify the UK's native and non-native trees. Images © protected Woodland Trust. Prunus is a genus of more than 200 species of trees and shrubs with showy flowers in spring, and often attractive fall foliage color. The oxidative damage results in cell death, which ultimately leads to numerous diseases and disorders. Prunus species are food plants for the larvae of many Lepidoptera species (butterflies and moths); see List of Lepidoptera which feed on Prunus. Creamy white flowers appear in April and May. Prunus Flowers . There are more than 400 species in this genus. In addition to the use of its fruits in preserves and alcoholic drinks, this thorny plant is often used to form an impenetrable border barrier. The timber is occasionally used for musical instruments but tends to be rarer as the trees are so small. , Reactive oxygen species (ROS) include superoxide radicals, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals, and singlet oxygen; they are the byproducts of metabolism. Delivery is free. Its leaves are oval with a short point at the top or teardrop-shaped. The fruits are made into liquors, jams, pies, and pickles. The total antioxidant capacity (TAC) varies within each fruit, but in plums, TAC is much higher in the skin than in the flesh of the fruit. You can use a side-stub graft to join the two trees together. The fruit is used widely in food and drink production to create jams, preserves and alcoholic drinks. , Members of the genus can be deciduous or evergreen. Each nectarine variety will feature either white or yellow pulp. The fruit is a fleshy drupe (a "prune") with a single relatively large, hard-coated seed (a "stone").  However, the DNA and proteins can be damaged when an imbalance occurs in the level of free radicals and the antioxidants. The flowers are white or pink and can be single or double. The flowers come in shades of white or pink, depending on the variety. Ornamentals include the group that may be collectively called "flowering cherries" (including sakura, the Japanese flowering cherries). , Of all of the different species of stone fruits, plums are the richest in antioxidants and phenolic compounds.  Research suggests that the consumption of these fruits reduces the risk of developing diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, and other age-related declines. Plant in a location with soil that is well-draining, as soil that is too moist will cause problems such as rots and cankers. The Online Etymology Dictionary presents the customary derivations of plum and prune from Latin prūnum, the plum fruit.  Moreover, these fruits are quite rich in phenolic substances, including catechin, epicatechin, p-coumaric acid, caffeic acid, and ferulic acid. A date of 76 mya is given for Rosaceae, which is within the late, List of Award of Garden Merit flowering cherries, "Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae", "Evolutionary Genomics of Peach and Almond Domestication", "A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA", "The phylogenetic utility of nucleotide sequences of sorbitol 6-phosphate dehydrogenase in, "The Gift of Graft: New York Artist's Tree To Grow 40 Kinds of Fruit", "This tree produces 40 different types of fruit", "Fire retardant garden plants for the urban fringe and rural areas", "Determination of the bioactive compounds, antioxidant activity and chemical composition of Brazilian blackberry, red raspberry, strawberry, blueberry and sweet cherry fruits", "Content of Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity in Fruits of Apricot Genotypes", "Peach and Nectarine Cork Spot:A Review of the 1998 Season", "Gummosis and Perennial Canker of Stone Fruits", "Molecular phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of tribe Neillieae (Rosaceae) using DNA sequences of cpDNA, rDNA, and LEAFY1", "The McAbee flora of British Columbia and its relation to the Early-Middle Eocene Okanagan Highlands flora of the Pacific Northwest", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prunus&oldid=986414868, Articles with disputed statements from May 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 18:25.
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