The origins of Hurricane Gilbert trace back to an easterly tropical wave—an elongated low-pressure area moving from east to west—that crossed the northwestern coast of Africa on September 3, 1988. More than 100,000 houses were destroyed or damaged and the country's banana crop was largely destroyed. Around noon that day, the hurricane watch was upgraded to a hurricane warning between Tampico and Port O'Connor. Hurricane Gilbert was a very powerful tropical cyclone which caused much damage to the Caribbean, Mexico and parts of South Texas in the 1988 Atlantic hurricane season. The following day, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) classified it as the twelfth tropical depression of the annual hurricane season using the Dvorak technique, when it was located about 400 mi (640 km) east of Barbados. Over the subsequent days, the wave traversed the tropical Atlantic and developed a broad wind circulation extending just north of the equator. Hurricane Gilbert’s barometric pressure reading was a very importantfactor in it’s destructive force. Hurricane Gilbert was the most destructive storm in the history of Jamaica and the most severe storm since Hurricane Charlie in 1951. The strong spiraling winds of a hurricane can reach speeds of up to 320kmph – strong enough to rip up entire trees and destroy buildings! On the north coast, 20 feet (6.1 m) waves hit , a popular tourist resort where hotels were evacuated. , Heavy rains from the outer bands of Hurricane Gilbert triggered significant flooding in the Dominican Republic and Haiti. , Texas governor Bill Clements issued a decree allowing municipalities to lift laws in the name of public safety, including contraflow lane reversals and speed limits.. What are facts about Hurricane Gilbert? Because Gilbert left a powerful impact, the name Gilbert was retired. Hurricane Gilbert was a classic tropical wave that began near the Cape Verde Island off the west coast of Africa in 1988. 6. Top Answer. Damage was less severe in the nearby British Virgin Islands, where only some flooding and power outages took place.  The following day, hurricane watches were posted for Pinar del Río and Isla de la Juventud, and the Cayman Islands were placed under a hurricane warning. Sources: Preliminary Report: Hurricane Gilbert. Hurricane Gilbert was a very powerful tropical cyclone which caused much damage to the Caribbean, Mexico and parts of South Texas in the 1988 Atlantic hurricane season.Before Hurricane Wilma in 2005, Hurricane Gilbert was the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic in terms of Barometric pressure.. Most of the casualties took place in the southern part of the country. It was surpassed by Hurricane Wilma in 2005, which attained a central pressure of 882 hPa (26.05 inHg).  In light of extensive damage, the government of Haiti declared a state of emergency for the entire southern peninsula. Winds gusted to hurricane force in a few places, but the main impact felt in the state was from beach erosion caused by a 3-5-foot storm surge, and tornadoes, which mainly affected the San Antonio area.  The main electrical relay station in Santo Domingo was damaged by the storm, causing a temporary blackout for much of the city. In Honduras, at least eight people were killed and 6,000 were left homeless. Gilbert killed 341 people and left $5.5 billion in damage. , On September 17, Gilbert brushed the inland city of Monterrey, Nuevo León before taking a sharp turn to the north. , The destruction in Jamaica was so heavy that Lovindeer, one of the country's leading dance hall DJs, released a single called Wild Gilbert a few days after the storm. The name "Gordon" was used in 1994, 2000, and 2006. It had winds and a storm track that rivaled Hurricane Allen back in 1980, and it ended up having the lowest central pressure ever recorded in the Atlantic Basin at 888 mb. Hurricane Gilbert was in all of the categories . The poultry industry was also wiped out; the damage from agricultural loss reached $500 million (1988 USD). Tropical storms and hurricanes were not named before the year 1950. Gilbert facts.  Two people eventually had to be rescued because of mudslides triggered by Gilbert and were sent to the hospital.
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