In order to understand Plato’s epistemology we must first attempt to take stock of the world around us. The child will begin to understand that all dogs are furry, wag their tail, bark at strangers and play fetch. The term is lowercased when used to refer to forms as Aristotle conceived … To Plato, we understand the world of the forms only through our souls. There exist volumes of text dedicated to deciphering the vast amount of information proposed by these two great thinkers, and you could probably spend a lifetime sorting through all of it. In his book of Leviathan, he states, “…there is no way for any man to…. We must also understand what it does, how it behaves, and what its purpose is. Every form, because it possessed some actual determination of matter, was also called act. Thanks much. And we have come to understand what a dog is because we possess the idea of “doginess.”. LotsofEssays.com, (December 31, 1969). If you would like a much simpler way of understanding this, just imagine Aristotle picking up an object and then playing 20 questions. Copying content is not allowed on this website, Ask a professional writer to help you with your text, Give us your email and we'll send you the essay you need, Please indicate where to send you the sample. Aristotle, conversely, would take a different view. Web. The objective of this paper is to compare and contrast Plato and Aristotles theories of knowledge. He was a prolific writer with bold ideas who would often decipher his thoughts through lengthy dialogues. Essay, 2 pages. Those who do so are locked in an intellectual prison. (2016, Aug 12). Take for example, the very real object of a dog. This analysis will compare and contrast the theories of knowledge offered by Plato and Aristotle in their respective works. Easy, right? It is entirely reasonable to assume that his detailed examination of biology would lead him to be skeptical of Plato’s world of the forms. Aristotle devoted much of his life to collecting all types of flora and fauna and then categorizing them based on their perceived characteristics. It is therefore easy to mistake appearance for reality, based on what the prisoners in the cave experience they easily refer to the shadows using the names of the real objects that the shadows reflect. Plato, a Greek philosopher and a student of Socrates, was born around 424-423 BC in Athens to a wealthy Athenian family and his death was around 347-348 BC. One thing I would point out is, I think you meant in the second to last paragraph of the article, instead of “epidemiologists”, “epistemologists.”. Plato tells us that we have an understanding of these ideal forms only through the specific objects we perceive on this earth. Philosophers are divided on this issue with some analyzing it as justified true beliefs while others differ and say that justified true belief does not constitute knowledge. "Plato and Aristotle Epistemology ." However, it would be a mistake to imagine the concepts same as the things we see (Platos Cave, n.d). And with them came a whole new outlook. He would employ other wise philosophers as characters in his essays and his own beliefs would become entangled with the thoughts of the people these characters represented. I sense they’re both ‘right’, and I merely have a ‘preference’ as to whose expression I prefer, based on what one person may call ‘choice,’ and another may call ‘mindset.’. He maintained that what is seen on the earth is an imitation of the real thing. “Men would say of him that up he went and down he came without his eyes; and that it was better not even to think of ascending; and if any one tried to loose another and lead him up to the light, let them only catch the offender, and they would put him to death.” ( Cottingham, What Are The 7 Habits Of Highly Effective Teens, Case Study: The Company M A Case Of White Collar Crime, Themes In Curious Incident Of The Dog In The Night-Time, Compare And Contrast Plato And Aristotle's Theories Of Knowledge. Plato believed that concepts had a universal form, an ideal form, which leads to his idealistic philosophy. Philosophy, as we know it today, obtained the foundation of its teachings from ancient Greeks who wanted a logical explanation to the order of the universe we live in. These forms are best described as perfect ideas that are 'floating in space.' Therefore the Human being development analysis was designated as comprising matter (substratum), form (determining element), potency (both active and passive), and act.
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